Every athlete feels overloaded in training and can not perform the same performance as usual. However, if you deteriorate permanently despite regular exercise, when your legs and mind become more and more difficult, and there is no improvement between sessions despite rest periods, experts talk about overtraining syndrome. In addition to the decline in performance, chronic fatigue and sleep disorders are other common complaints. Overtraining often manifests itself on two levels: On the one hand there is palpitations and sleep disorders, on the other hand depressive moods. If there is no improvement after two to three weeks, a visit to the doctor is required, for example, to rule out an infection (viral disease, inflammation of the teeth).
Causes of overtraining syndrome
Regular training is important, because nothing comes from nothing. But sometimes the shot also backfires: For example, in exaggerated training, especially in high-intensity endurance sports, by frequent competitions or too rapid increase in training. Particularly problematic are monotonous movements (an example from the non-sports area are professional piano players). In addition to the excessive training load stress factors such as relationship problems, exam situations or time shortages as well as an insufficient cure of infections and a one-sided diet can be causes of the overtraining syndrome.
Symptoms: recognize overtraining
The diagnosis "overtraining" is usually not easy to ask. Especially with fatigue states shorter duration is often only an overload condition. Although physicians have found hormonal changes that are supposed to protect the body from further efforts like self-protective feedback, conventional blood and urine laboratory values do not yet exist.
In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, questionnaires have proved useful in which athletes should characterize their own condition. Another possibility is a test on the bicycle ergometer, in which an impairment of the speed or the short-term endurance and a reduced oxygen uptake frequently associated with it can be determined. In addition, typical symptoms of over-exertion include a burning throat and gastrointestinal complaints that occur during exercise.
A Dutch study surveyed nearly a thousand runners, cyclists and triathletes on the topic of over-exertion. According to this, 71% of runners, 67% of cyclists and 57% of triathletes complained of stomach problems. Peters, a scientist from the University of Utrecht, also found that as many as 18 percent of athletes used medicines to treat their condition. Heartburn, bloating, bloating, or regurgitation were the most common symptoms of overtraining syndrome identified in the study.