Not every pound above normal weight makes you sick. But overweight, if it persists for a long time, is still a trailblazer for many illnesses. Often, the first symptoms are shortness of breath when climbing stairs, sleep apnea (more than ten seconds lasting respiratory arrest during sleep), increased tendency to sweat, joint and joint pain. But more dangerous are accompanying and sequelae, which develop gradually over years or decades. Today, many chronic diseases and disorders caused or aggravated by obesity are known.
Secondary and concomitant diseases
According to Professor Arnold Astrup from Copenhagen (9th European Congress on Obesity, ECO, June 1999, Milan), obesity is more than three times as likely as normal people to suffer from:
- Diabetes mellitus type 2
- Gallbladder disease
- high blood pressure
- difficulty breathing
- sleep apnea
Two to three times more frequently than normal weight occur:
- coronary heart disease
Adipose people also have an increased risk (up to twice as often) for:
- certain cancers (uterine, breast, cervix, prostate and gallbladder carcinoma)
- sex hormone disorders
- back pain
Obesity also increases the risk of thrombosis and embolism and, last but not least, increases the risk of surgery and anesthesia. Obesity leads to psychosocial problems and quality of life limitations. Sufferers often suffer from depression, reduced self-esteem, and lesser environmental recognition.
Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome
Insulin resistance is when there is an increase in insulin while the body is less responsive to the action of insulin. The most common cause of this is overeating with readily available carbohydrates. The pancreas is producing more and more insulin, so that finally the blood sugar level drops. Nevertheless, this remains too high due to resistance to insulin. The results are diabetes mellitus type 2 and an exhausted pancreas.
Every kilo less increases life expectancy
Being overweight is not only a serious threat to your health, but may also mean a reduction in your lifetime, in addition to the various health restrictions. The mortality risk is 1.3 times higher even with moderately increased BMI (= 27) than with normal weight persons. At a BMI of 35, it even increases to 2.5 times. However, this risk can be counteracted by losing weight.