Read the big blood picture correctly

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  • Small blood picture
  • Great blood picture

In addition to a small blood count, a differential blood picture is also created for a large blood picture. Here are the three subgroups of leukocytes - the granulocytes, the monocytes and the lymphocytes - examined more closely. The following overview gives you an overview of the standard values ​​for a large blood test:

Overview of the norm values ​​of a large blood picture

Menwomen
Barren granulocytes150-400 / ul150-400 / ul
Segmented granulocytes3000-5800 / ul3000-5800 / ul
Eosinophilic granulocytes50-250 / μl50-250 / μl
Basophilic granulocytes15-50 / μl15-50 / μl
lymphocytes1500-3000 / μl1500-3000 / μl
monocytes285 - 500 / μl285 - 500 / μl

Lymphocytes and monocytes

On increased lymphocyte value can have different causes. Among others, certain bacterial or viral infections, cancers such as leukemia, the autoimmune disease sarcoidosis and hyperthyroidism come into question. Low levels may be due to the use of certain medications, cancers such as Hodgkin's disease, urine poisoning, Cushing's syndrome, and the autoimmune disease lupus erythematosus.

Are the Increases monocytes, this indicates an infection with bacteria, viruses or parasites. In addition, the value may also increase due to certain cancers, an inflammation of the heart or autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or sarcoidosis. A low monocyte level usually only occurs when the total leucocyte count is reduced.

granulocytes

Depending on which granulocyte value is elevated or too low, this may indicate different diseases. Below is an overview of possible causes.

Neutrophil granulocytes

Barrenous and segmented granulocytes are collectively called neutrophilic granulocytes.

  • Value too high: stress, infections with bacteria, fungi or protozoa, acute heart disease, burns, poisoning, bleeding, medications such as glucocorticoids, taking hormonal contraceptives, epinephrine or lithium
  • Value too low: Certain infections such as measles, mumps, typhus, chickenpox, rubella or malaria, malignant tumors, liver cirrhosis, damage to the bone marrow, lupus erythematosus, congenital deficiency

Eosinophilic granulocytes

  • Value too high: Infections with worms, certain types of cancer, skin diseases such as psoriasis, allergic diseases, autoimmune diseases, taking medicines such as acetylsalicylic acid or penicillin
  • Value too low: Acute infections such as septicemia, inflammation of the peritoneum, pneumonia or typhus, stress, therapy with corticosteroids, Cushing's syndrome

Basophilic granulocytes

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