Medicinal plants as medicines


Already before primeval times one used different spices - with cult actions, in the kitchen and in the art of healing. The healing effects of certain spices are scientifically studied and confirmed today. Thus, the dried medicinal plants are an important part of modern herbal medicine. We will introduce you to various medicinal plants and reveal which symptoms can help them.

Which plant parts are used?

  • Flowers: Flores (often abbreviated flor.), E.g. chamomile
  • Leaves: Folia (Fol.), E.g. sage
  • Herb: leaves and flowers = Herba (Herb.), E.g. thyme
  • Root: Radix (Rad.), E.g. gentian root
  • Seeds: Semen (Sem.), E.g. linseed
  • Bark: Cortex (Cort.), E.g. oak bark
  • Fruits: Fructus (Fruct.), E.g. Caraway, anise, juniper

Preparation of tea

infusions: Infusions are usually made from leaves, flowers, fruits and herbs. The usual dose for the preparation of herbal teas is one to two teaspoons of drug (that is about 5 g) on ​​a cup of 250 ml of water. Tip: squeeze or bump fruits to allow the essential oils to develop better.

decoctions: Parts of plants whose active ingredients are not so easily released from the drug are prepared as follows: first prepare the required amount (about 5 g or a teaspoon) with the prescribed amount of water (usually 250 ml) cold. Then heat the mixture to boiling, boil for 5-10 minutes and then strain. This form of preparation finds its application, for example, in teas from woods, barks or roots.

Maceration - cold extract: If the active ingredients of a medicinal plant would be destroyed by strong heat, you will use a cold extract. For this purpose, the plant is doused with cold water and allowed to stand for up to 12 hours, the next morning filter through a sieve. This preparation is used, for example, in drugs containing mucilage (marshmallow root, flaxseed, etc.). In addition, cold extracts are made if no unwanted impurities should enter the extract z. B. stomach irritant tannins.

Specifications for the label

However, not every tea should be called medicinal or medicinal tea, even if it contains proven medicinal plants such as chamomile, fennel or peppermint. To protect the consumer, advertising with the health effects of a product is strictly regulated - this also applies to tea. It is officially only a medicinal product if the label has certain health effects. But these may only be printed if the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices has given its permission for this.

Requirement: Quality, efficacy and safety were demonstrated in a regulated approval procedure. The pack imprint must give information on the composition, preparation, dosage and method of administration. Also the information of interactions with other means as well as to possible contraindications or side effects are obligatory. If you buy a medicinal tea with this information from the pharmacy, you can be sure that:

  • it contains the quantities of active substance prescribed by law
  • the herbs were cut according to regulations (degree of comminution)
  • the correct part of the plant was used
  • the quantities are correct, such as number of flowers or amount of leaves.

Anise for flatulence

Aniseia is recommended for bloating and abdominal cramps - even in infants and toddlers. The essential oils release cramps and regulate the flow of digestive juices. Anise is therefore an integral part of many digestive teas. In addition: The Anis fragrance also promotes the sleep of children. In addition to anise, fennel and caraway are also suitable for herbal therapy for flatulence - they are also known as carminatives.

Clove against toothache

Its germicidal effect unfolds particularly well in inflammation of the mouth and throat. Cloves have proven effective in toothache and mouth infections. In acute pain you chew one or two cloves for a few minutes - this has a disinfectant and analgesic effect.

Garlic for atherosclerosis

Garlic is one of the most valuable natural products today. As problematic as the smell is - its health-promoting effect is undisputed. Garlic has antibacterial, antimycotic (mycosis = fungal disease) and lipid-lowering; In addition, it promotes the dissolution of platelets together and thereby improves the flow properties of the blood. Because of these properties, garlic is used to lower cholesterol and prevent arteriosclerosis. It is important to regularly take a standardized garlic preparation over a longer period of time.

Rosemary - new impetus for the circulation

Rosemary is used because of its circulation-promoting and anti-inflammatory properties in rheumatic complaints, nerve pain or muscle soreness in rubbings. Rosemary also stimulates the cardiovascular system - a tea or full bath with rosemary leaves gets the circulation going. In preparations for oral and dental care, the germicidal and disinfecting effect of the essential oils is appreciated. Ingested it promotes the appetite and acts against indigestion such as flatulence and bloating.

Caution: During pregnancy no preparations made of rosemary leaves should be used because of possible toxic effects of the essential oil!

Thyme for cough

The anticonvulsant effect of thyme helps especially in acute or chronic bronchitis and whooping cough. Thyme extract dissolves the mucus and promotes the coughing up of tough mucus. Thyme also has an antibacterial effect and, thanks to its digestive properties, makes many foods easier to digest.

Juniper for flushing

Juniper berries have a diuretic effect and thus stimulate the fluid excretion of the body. In pharmacological investigations confirmed this diuretic effect and increased blood flow to the kidneys. Therefore, juniper berries should not be used during pregnancy, kidney problems and in continuous use! Juniper berries also have flatulent, antispasmodic and mildly disinfectant effects. Therefore, juniper berries are also used for seasoning hard-to-digest foods.

Sage for oral hygiene

Sage is traditionally used for cough and sore throat, for oral care and digestive promotion. The extract of sage leaves has proven particularly useful as a gargle or dishwashing liquid for throat, throat, oral mucosa and gingivitis.

Preparation: To gargle, pour 1 - 2 heaped teaspoons with 1/4 liter of boiling water, cover for 10 minutes.

Digestive gentian

One likes to take an "gentian" for digestion after a heavy meal. How does the effect come about? Because of the bitter substances contained in the gentian root, the secretion of saliva and gastric juice is stimulated. Therefore, in addition to digestive problems, preparations containing gentian root are also used for bloating, bloating and loss of appetite.

Attention: Do not use with gastric or duodenal ulcers!

Chili relieves pain

The ingredient - capsaicin - on the one hand stimulates the heat receptors in the skin and on the other hand puts the painful nerve pathways out of action at short notice. Thus, the active ingredient promotes blood circulation and analgesic. Soothing agents or thermal patches with capsaicin are ideal for tension or joint pain.




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