Alcohol impairs driving ability - everyone knows this fact. But how do drugs affect driving? Which medications are particularly critical? The percentage of accidents in which alcohol is involved is 37%. After all, about 20% of all accidents are caused by medication.
Which disorders can occur?
Precisely when driving a car or when operating machines, a sharper perception is required. Seeing, hearing, acting fast, reacting correctly and all in a matter of seconds is necessary to be able to drive a vehicle safely. If disturbances such as confusion, dizziness, distorted vision, double perception or tiredness occur, the reaction time is prolonged. In addition, limited criticism and slower comprehension may lead to further restrictions.
Which drugs should be used with caution
- Sedative and sleep aidThese agents can sometimes cause significant damage when driving or operating machinery, as they reduce attention by their calming effect. The effect may - depending on the time of ingestion - continue until the next morning.
- Remedy for high blood pressure
People who suffer from high blood pressure have to take medicines - so-called antihypertensive drugs - on a daily basis. In some cases, it can lead to a fall in blood pressure when taken, which can lead to dizziness and dizziness.
- eye drop
Caution is also required for all pupil-dilating eye drops. If you have been to the ophthalmologist and the eye has dripped into the eye for such examinations, the eye is then extremely sensitive to light for a few hours.
- Insulin and hypoglycemic agents
Diabetics can get into a low sugar through their medication, which in turn can cause confusion, trembling or blurred vision. On the other hand, diabetics will only be able to drive a car through these drugs. A well-adjusted diabetic, who correctly indicates the signs of impending hypoglycaemia, can easily participate in road traffic.
- Remedy for hay fever and allergies
The older antiallergic drugs, so-called H1Antihistamines, can make you tired - Attention and responsiveness decrease. For people who rely on the car, there are now antiallergic drugs that no longer have this side effect.
This group includes antidepressant drugs, neuroleptics (anti-psychotic agents), tranquilizers (tranquillizers), lithium supplements and potent sleeping pills such as B. the benzodiazepines. In any case, all these medicines should be used with caution when participating in road traffic. Additionally consumed alcohol has a strong risk-increasing effect on all psychotropic drugs.
- Analgesics containing morphine, remedies for colds, codeine containing cough medicine
Codeine and morphine are active ingredients that often cause tiredness or dizziness. Even in remedies for colds or cough blockers drugs may be included that affect the driver. Therefore read carefully the package leaflet of your medication.
- Alcohol-containing medicines
Flu drops, immune stimulants or cough drops contain almost all alcohol. In conjunction with other medicines, such as sleeping pills, the effects of alcohol and sleeping pills may increase.
- Remedies for seizure disorders
Antiepileptic drugs may affect your ability to drive because of their side effects. Dose changes and changes to the drug used are also dangerous.
- Other means of influencing the ability to drive:
Traveling sickness preparations, some appetite suppressants, gastrointestinal ulcers, muscle tension remedies - the so-called central muscle relaxants and some Parkinson's remedies.
Tips for safe driving
- If you need to take several medicines, the Effects of the individual active substances not only add but also power up. Therefore, you should tell your doctor what medications you are still taking.
- Take your medication at the specified time. A laxative taken at the wrong time can show very unpleasant effects.
- If you are taking medicines that affect your ability to drive, do not drink alcohol!
- Adhere to the dosage prescribed by the physician.
- In older people, it can happen that even a normal dose shows stronger effects or side effects.
In general, it can be said that For all medications that are taken for the first time, the leaflet is well-read should be in order to be informed accordingly. Given the multitude of modes of action, information about the relationships is very important. The pharmacy can advise you on the side effects and interactions of each medication.