- blood donation
- How does blood donation work?
In an emergency, blood can help save lives. However, in order for patients in hospitals to be able to receive a blood transfusion at all, they are dependent on blood donors: Only regular blood donations from healthy people can ensure that patients can be helped in the event of a fall. Because you can not buy blood and artificial blood does not exist. With a donation you could save accident victims or sick people the life. The prerequisites for this must be explained below.
Who is allowed to donate blood?
Any healthy adult between the ages of 18 and 72 with a minimum weight of 50 kg can donate blood. First-time donors may not have reached their 65th birthday yet.
Exceptions: Who can not donate?
Donations may not be made to:
- permanent use of medication (for example, hypotensive agents)
- acute allergies
- strong iron deficiency
Also, donations may not be made if you are on sick leave or do not feel well. If you have illnesses such as diabetes, thyroid dysfunction or celiac disease, you should consult your doctor first. Dry alcoholics or former drug addicts should be individually clarified whether they are suitable as a blood donor.
Time restrictions for the blood donation
Donations may only be made (limited in time):
- after the symptoms have disappeared when taking antiallergic drugs (for example in hay fever)
- 7 days after the onset of a mild infection
- 4 weeks after stopping taking an antibiotic
- 6 months after traveling in malaria epidemic areas and 12 months after traveling in infection risk areas (for example South America, Southeast Asia). Traveling to countries at increased risk for dengue fever, Chikungunya, or West Nile virus is one month, if no symptoms have occurred during that time.
- 6 months after pregnancy or abortion and only after weaning
- 4 months after a tattoo, the piercing of piercings and ear-holes or other cosmetic skin injuries (for example permanent make-up)
- if 55 days have passed since the last blood donation. Women are allowed to donate four times in a year, men six times.
After surgery, it may take up to four months to wait, depending on the nature of the procedure.
Hormonal contraception and dietary supplements
Donations may be made without restriction if you take: