Gout, one of today's common diseases, is associated with an unbalanced, meaty diet and alcohol consumption. Gout is among other diseases to the forms of expression of rheumatism. A targeted healthy diet can positively influence the course of gout and even reduce the symptoms of this rheumatic disease. But what to eat with gout and what not? Here are tips and advice on the right diet.
Effect of uric acid on gout
Gout is a disease with not inconsiderable consequences - these include painful gout attacks and severe kidney problems. Therefore, early preventive measures should be taken - including in the field of nutrition.
The main cause of gout is in most cases a hereditary metabolic disorder. The kidney then does not excrete enough uric acid, which is a elevated uric acid levels in the blood. Therefore, gout is also called hyperuricemia.
Certain foods can promote the production of uric acid in the body or hinder its excretion via the kidneys. Below we present you the current nutritional recommendation for the right food for gout.
Diet: Eat healthy with gout
Generally, the optimal diet for gout and also to prevent gout from the following 6 basic rules:
- few animal products
- Low-fat preparation
- low sugar, especially fructose
- daily fruits and vegetables
- drink a lot
- Beware of alcohol
This form of nutrition is usually beneficial for gout, but can also help prevent gout and other diseases.
Animal products allowed in moderation
Foods of animal origin promote the production of uric acid in the body, which usually leads to an increased uric acid level. As far as possible, animal products are therefore not part of the daily diet of gout patients. This mainly concerns meat, sausages and fish.
If you do not want to completely delete these foods from your diet plan, you should follow these tips:
- It is advisable to pay attention to the diet, at most once a day about 100 grams selected varieties of meat or fish to eat.
- If fish should be on the menu, offering low-fat fish such as plaice, sole and cod.
- Is there a craving Meat, Wild can be the best choice of diet for gout.
Avoid gouty foods with lots of purines
Some varieties of fish, such as trout, sprat or herring, contain a lot many purines. These are natural components of food, but increase the metabolism of uric acid in the blood and have a negative effect on the course of gout.
The purine-rich foods also include:
- Shellfish or crustaceans
- the skin of fish or poultry
- Pork and goose meat, especially the rind
- smoked fish or meat products
To completely avoid patients with gout the consumption of Offal, especially of sweetbreads.
Eat low in gout
In general, it is recommended in gout to reduce the weight or to avoid overweight. Excessively high body weight can negatively influence the course and severity of gout. Therefore, it is advisable in gout to eat low in fat.
Animal products other than meat and fish, such as milk, butter, cheese and yoghurt, are moderately acceptable as part of the diet for gout. They do not directly affect the course of gout, but rather the body weight.
Against low-fat milk On the contrary, fat-reduced natural yoghurts can even reduce the seizure frequency in gouty patients. Also eggs are on the list of permitted foods at Gicht.
Gout patients should not completely abstain from fat, but pay attention to the type of fat: the intake of healthy Omega-3 fatty acids is quite advisable. This can be done by using vegetable oils such as linseed oil or rapeseed oil. Depending on the individual tolerability, occasionally omega-3-rich fish such as mackerel or salmon can be eaten.
Fructose can increase uric acid levels
Fructose, ie fructose, can also have a negative effect on the blood uric acid level. This sugar is naturally found in fruits such as apples or honeydew melons. Therefore, gout sufferers should not refrain from fruit: The benefits of a fruit-rich diet outweigh their disadvantages in gout significantly.
Much more important for gout patients, with industrial fructose sweetened drinks such as soft drinks, lemonade or some fruit juices to avoid. Many sweets, cereal bars, fruit yoghurts and other foods are also sweetened with fructose or fructose syrup.
Generally, the consumption of normal should also sugar be restricted because it promotes not only overweight, but table sugar also consists half of fructose.
Which fruits and vegetables are suitable for gout?
Basically, almost all fruits and vegetables can be eaten without hesitation and gladly every day. One should, however, the Fructose content in view Do not keep more than two servings of fruit a day.
The former strict warning about legumes, such as soy, peas, beans and lentils, as well as cabbage, spinach, asparagus and rhubarb is now considered outdated. These plant sources of purine can be consumed in moderation, ie up to twice a week.
Caution is advised in tomatoes: they are suspected of triggering gout attacks.
When gout is: drink a lot!
The kidneys play, as already mentioned, a special role in gout. So-called kidney cures and regular detoxification of the kidneys can have a positive effect on the course and development of gout. This is a regular drinking cure with an extract of the medicinal plant Solidago.
Basically, it is recommended for gout to drink a lot. At least drink every day two to three liters Water or herbal tea.
Drinking has a detoxifying effect on the kidneys, flushes out the uric acid better from the body and also improves the overall well-being. Therefore, as a sufferer of gout, in addition to a healthy diet and the gout of adequate food, make sure you also drink well enough.
Unlike previous warnings coffee today with gout in moderate quantities even as recommended. Caution should be exercised as described with fruit juices or soft drinks.
Alcohol and gout - is that compatible?
Alcohol consumption additionally inhibits the excretion of uric acid via the kidneys. Therefore, excessive consumption of alcohol, especially beer, should be avoided in case of gout.
However, the formerly strict ban on alcohol in gout is no longer valid today. Studies indicate that sufferers a glass Wine Drink during the day without negatively affecting the course of their gout - the wine should be as dry as possible.
Beer or spirits however, are still considered harmful - even a glass of beer a day can increase the risk of gout attack by 30 percent. Also on alcohol-free beer should be waived due to its Puringehalts.
Cereals, nuts and yeast
Cereal is very purinarm. Protein-rich cereal products or cereal flakes are even recommended for gout. Rye and wheat germ, however, are unsuitable. Wheat flour products should rather be avoided in terms of weight loss. Prefer to eat from loaf in particular wholemeal bread. Whole grains are also the better choice for rice and pasta.
Nuts are also recommended in gout, as they can have a positive effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease. Particularly suitable are almonds, hazelnuts and walnuts.
The use of yeast, however, should be avoided if possible, since yeast contains a lot of purines. Baking soda is an alternative to yeast.
Food for gout
There are foods that are said to be effective against gout. In addition to those already mentioned, these foods include:
As a juice, smoothie, dessert or salad, at least one of these ingredients can be optimally integrated into the daily diet. The juice from cranberries has a positive effect on the body and especially on the urinary tract. The best one is the hundred percent juice, also called mother juice, from the health food store.
With Gicht is also an adequate supply of vitamin C especially important: In a study, the daily intake of the vitamin could significantly reduce the risk of gout.