PSA is the abbreviation for the prostate-specific antigen. PSA is a protein and is mainly formed by the epithelial cells of the prostate glands and released into the seminal fluid. In the blood, PSA occurs in healthy men only in very small amounts. The PSA test It is advisable from the age of 50 - unless there is already a family history of prostate cancer. In case of a family history, examinations are carried out already at the age of 45 years in order to PSA value to determine.
PSA test to determine PSA value
Before the examination you should neither ride a bicycle nor ride a horse and abstain sexually for 24 hours. Following the PSA test, the family doctor scans the prostate via the anus from the rectum. Total PSA (tPSA) should be below 2.5 ng / ml serum. The PSA value usually increases with age, but should do not exceed a limit of 4.0 ng / ml, Increased PSA values occur at:
- prostate inflammation
- prostate cancer
- after a biopsy of the prostate
- after a massage of the prostate
- after a partial prostatectomy
Increased PSA levels in prostate cancer
If an elevated PSA level is detected, additional diagnostic measures should be used to determine which disease could be the cause, as only one quarter of all men with PSA levels of 4 to 10 do have one Prostate Cancer, PSA value is becoming increasingly important as a test in cancer screening. Unfortunately, the PSA test as a routine check for cancer screening is not yet covered by the statutory health insurance.