They are considered loyal friends of humans - dogs and cats are very popular in Germany as pets. But not everyone who loves these animals, can approach them easily, it is to blame an allergy to the animal. Special breeds of dogs and cats can nevertheless be suitable for allergy sufferers.
Not only children want a pet. Also for many adults, dogs or cats as family members are simply part of it. However, anyone who has an allergy to pet hair must keep away from the four-legged friends. Nutritional attacks, watery and itchy eyes, and shortness of breath may be among the symptoms of allergies to dogs and cats. The term animal hair allergy initially suggests that the problem is due to the hair of the animals. So would cats and dogs that have no hair or lose are suitable for allergy sufferers?
Allergens are not only present in the fur of the animals
Anyone who is allergic to cats or dogs does not just have to protect themselves from the hair of animals. In cats, the allergy is triggered by a specific protein called FEL D-1. It is contained in the saliva. Since cats are very clean animals, they clean themselves several times a day. This will spread the allergenic protein on the coat. There, the proteins are now clinging and can be spread throughout the apartment as the cat loses hair.
Not every cat has the same amount of responsible protein in it. Depending on the breed but also depending on the sex of the saliva is composed and is also hormone dependent. Potent hangovers therefore produce the most allergic protein. Overall, this means that in an allergic to one race an allergy can be triggered, but not in another cat breed.
Also in the dog hair allergy, certain substances that are in the faeces, urine and also in saliva are responsible for the triggering of the allergy. Here, too, the substances can adhere to the coat of the dog and spread in a coat change or losing hair anywhere in the dog's environment. Anyone who suffers from the symptoms of an animal hair allergy should have this checked by means of an allergy test by a dermatologist.
Special breeds of dogs and cats
There are breeds that are said to be suitable for allergy sufferers. Because of their breeding, they can actually be more beneficial for allergy sufferers than other breeds. There is no guarantee that they will not cause any allergies! Among the dogs the Labradoodle belongs to the special breed breeds. It is a cross between a Labrador and a Grand Poodle. He has virtually no hair, which of course not only pleases allergy sufferers.
The Labradoodle is also used as a guide dog. His breed has been bred to give a dog to blind people who are affected by an allergy. That's why Goldendoodle has its origins, it's a hybrid of a Golden Retriever and a Grand Poodle. Also, the Portuguese water dog is a breed of dog that is often selected by allergy sufferers, as this dog has no change of coat depending on the season and thus loses even very little hair.
Lovers of cats with a tendency to allergies love the cat breed German Rex. This cat has the allergenic protein Fel d 1 only in small amounts. A few years ago, a specially developed cat from America made big headlines. It should not have any of the field 1 proteins and thus be hypoallergenic. Whether dog or cat - who decides on a specially bred breed due to allergies, it is advised to test a possible reaction with the animal before the animal is purchased.